The Queen

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Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
Declared in Council 9 April 1952 that she and her children would be styled and known as the House and Family of Windsor and 8 Feb 1960 that her descendants other than those enjoying the style, title or attribute of HRH and the titular dignity of Prince or Princess and female descendants who marry and their descendants should bear the name Mountbatten-Windsor, though this declaration overridden when Lady Louise Windsor was born in 2003.

Style in the United Kingdom

Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and of Her Other Realms and Territories, Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith.

Biographical details

Proclaimed Queen 8 Feb 1952; crowned Westminster Abbey 2 June 1953; celebrated: Silver Jubilee 1977, Golden Jubilee 2002; er da of HM King George VI (d 6 Feb 1952), and Lady Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (HM Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother; d 2002), da of 14 Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (see Debrett's Peerage & Baronetage); b 21 April 1926; Educ privately; m 20 Nov 1947, HRH The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, KG, KT, OM, GBE, AC, QSO, PC, qv; 3 s, 1 da, who all by letters patent 22 Oct 1948 take style HRH and titular dignity of Prince/Princess; Heir eld s, Prince of Wales, qv.

WWII as Subaltern then Jr Cdr ATS, LG 1947, Lord High Adm of the United Kingdom; Col-in-Chief (UK): Life Gds 1952-, Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Gds and 1 Dragoons) 1969-, Royal Scots Dragoon Gds (Carabiniers and Greys) 1971-, Queen's Royal Lancers 1993-, Royal Tank Regt 1953-, RE 1952-, Grenadier Gds (which HM inspected on her 16th birthday, it being her first official engagement) 1952-, Coldstream Gds 1952-, Scots Gds 1952-, Irish Gds 1952-, Welsh Gds 1952-, Royal Welch Fus 1953, The Royal Welsh 2006-, The Royal Regt of Scotland 2006-, The Duke of Lancasters Regt 2006-, Adj Gen's Corps 1992-,Royal Mercian and Lancastrian Yeo 1994-; Col-in-Chief (Commonwealth): Govr Gen's Horse Gds (Canada) 1953-, Canadian Forces Mil Engrs Branch 1977-, King's Own Calgary Regt 1953-, Royal 22e Regt (Canada) 1953-, Govr-Gen's Foot Gds (Canada) 1953-, Canadian Grenadier Gds 1953-, Le Régiment de la Chaudière (Canada) 1947-, Royal New Brunswick Regt 1956-, 48 Highlanders Canada 1947-, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders Canada (Princess Louise's) 1950-, Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps 1958-, Calgary Highlanders 1981-, Royal Australian Engrs 1953-, Royal Australian Inf Corps 1953-, Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corps 1953-, Royal Australian Army Nursing Corps 1953-, Corps of Royal New Zealand Engrs 1953-, Royal New Zealand Inf Regt 1964-, Malawi Rifles 1964-; Affiliated Col-in-Chief Queen's Gurkha Engrs; Royal Col The Argll and Sutherland Highlanders 8th Battalion, Royal Regt of Scotland 2006-; Capt-Gen: RA 1952-, HAC 1952-, CCF 1953-, Royal Regt of Canadian Artillery 1952-, Royal Regt of Australian Artillery 1953-, Royal Regt of New Zealand Artillery 1953-, Royal New Zealand Armoured Corps 1953-; patron Royal Army Chaplains' Dept; Air Cdre-in-Chief: RAuxAF, RAF Regt, Air Reserve Canada, RAAF Reserve, Territorial Air Force (New Zealand); Cmdt-in-Chief RAF Coll Cranwell; Royal Hon Air Cdre: RAF Marham, 603 (City of Edinburgh) Sqdn RAuxAF.

Sovereign of all British Orders of Knighthood, Order of Merit, Royal Order of Victoria and Albert, Order of Crown of India, Order of Companions of Honour, Order of Canada, Distinguished Service Order and Imperial Service Order; Sovereign Head of Order of Hosp of St John of Jerusalem, Order of Australia and Queen's Service Order of New Zealand; Sovereign of the New Zealand Order of Merit, and the Order of New Zealand.; Freedom: City London, Edinburgh 1947; FRS 1947.

Racehorse owner (colours: purple body with gold braid, scarlet sleeves, black velvet cap with gold fringe), as which presented with Cartier Millennium Award 2000 honouring achievements as owner-breeder and patron of the Turf; major races won incl: King George VI Chase 1950 (Manicou), Coronation Cup 1954 (Aureole), King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Diamond Stakes 1954 (Aureole, champion 4-year old 1954), Sussex Stakes 1954 (Landau), Norfolk Stakes 1957 (Pall Mall), Oaks 1957 (Carozza), Yorkshire Oaks 1957 (Almeria), Two Thousand Guineas 1958 (Pall Mall, first win by a horse bred by HM), Coronation Stakes 1961 (Aiming High), Eclipse Stakes 1965 (Canisbay), Goodwood Cup 1965 (Apprentice), Goodwood Cup 1966 (Gaulois), One Thousand Guineas 1974 (Highclere, first filly also to win French Oaks), Oaks 1977 (Dunfermline), St Leger 1977 (Dunfermline).

residences

Buckingham Palace, London SW1A 1AA; Windsor Castle, Berkshire SL4 1NJ; Palace of Holyroodhouse, Canongate, Edinburgh EH8 8DX; Balmoral Castle, Aberdeenshire AB35 5TB; Sandringham House, Norfolk PE35 6EN

 

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