These styles usually start from a standing position but use throws, trips, locks or other methods to disrupt the opponent's balan
'The gentle path'. The most widely practised of the martial arts does not require great power or size to do well. Practised on mats, it consists mainly of throws, pins, chokes and arm-locks. It studies the principles of broken balance, leverage, use of the opponent's weight and effort and for each throw there is a counter throw.
'The way of harmony with the spirit'. Based on principles of harmony and non-resistance to one's opponent - the circular movement of the opponent's force is diverted and turned back on himself. Relying less on brute strength and power and more on flexibility, muscle tone, co-ordination and quick reactions, size does not matter in Aikido.
Kempo or Kenpo
A style of karate developed in the West. The former refers to more traditional forms and the latter to more contemporary versions. It differs from karate as throws are an important element, and it also incorporates punches, strikes and kicks. At more advanced levels, defence against weapons may also be taught.