Ground Fighting Styles
This term means that the disciplines have a greater focus on the 'wrestling' aspect of combat but they do not limit their teaching to ground-based movement.
'Gentle art'. This soft grappling style - originally intended to help unarmed soldiers fight against armed attackers - relies on turning an opponent's force against himself. Students learn to gauge the force of their opponent's attack and use it against him, evade attacks and attack nerve and pressure points.
A modiﬁed version of the Japanese art of Ju-Jitsu, this was developed by two brothers. Ground ﬁghting techniques and submission holds feature strongly, with the aim of dominating an opponent and forcing a submission.
This new form of martial art based on an African system of unarmed combat created by slaves in Brazil resembles a stylised 'dance' with emphasis on ground ﬁghting, but not grappling or locks. It relies heavily on leg techniques and leg kicks for attacks and defence, rather than hands, which are mainly used to maintain your position on the ground.
Pronounced 'sombo', this grappling-based style emphasises real-life self-defence and practical ways to neutralise a threat. Combat Sambo is the martial art version used by Russian elite forces, and is often practised wearing military fatigues.