Lord-Lieutenants are appointed by the Queen, on the advice of the Prime Minister, for each county in England and Wales, and each area in Scotland (other than the cities of Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow where the Lord Provost is, by virtue of his office, Lord-Lieutenant for that city).
As personal representative of the Queen, the prime duty of the Lord-Lieutenant is to maintain the dignity of the Queen and fulfil key functions such as arranging visits by members of the Royal family, presenting medals and honours, taking part in civic activities, liaising with local units of the armed forces and leading the local magistracy. The post of Lord-lieutenant is non-political, unpaid and held until retirement at the age of 75.
Although assigned no place in the Table of Precedence for England and Wales, by Royal Warrant in 1904 a Lord-Lieutenant (or Lieutenant) when so acting, has precedence within his own County immediately after the Sovereign (except, sometimes, on civic premises).
The full title is Her Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant and this may be abbreviated to H.M. Lord-Lieutenant or Lord-Lieutenant of (County). Note that the title Lord-Lieutenant always includes the hyphen. The title applies to both male and female appointees.
How to Address a Lord-Lieutenant
The recommended style of address is as follows (although it is advisable to check the appropriate Lord-Lieutenant's office for preferred styles of address in each case, especially for formal printed items**):
|Beginning of letter||Dear Lord-Lieutenant or usual style of address in private capacity|
|End of letter||Yours sincerely|
|Invitation||The Lord-Lieutenant of (County)|
|Joint Invitation||The Lord-Lieutenant of (County) and Lady Pilkington|
|Envelope||H.M Lord-Lieutenant of the County of XXXX|
|Verbal communication||By name, or Lord-Lieutenant|
|Reference in a speech||My Lord-Lieutenant|
If the Lord-Lieutenant is also a peer he would be addressed as follows:
The Earl of Cirencester
HM Lord-Lieutenant of Gloucestershire
** Details of Lord-Lieutenant's offices may be found here or via the website of the relevant County or City Council